Swine flu is one of the most contagious and lethal respiratory tract infections. In 2009, the swine flu has been considered as the pandemic – the contagious disease which spread throughout the world or multiple continents at a time. The spread of this infection is similar to the normal cold infection, but the velocity of its proliferation is very high. Mostly, people with swine flu don’t even realize that their immune system is fighting with the severe illness just because of the nature of its slightest symptoms at the mild to moderate stages of the disease.
In other words, once the swine flu is introduced in any community through the human host, all the other members of that particular community can carry and become the potent host of this infection, transferring this virus in other localities as well as countries.
Though, some studies suggest that the genetic makeup of this infection is somehow similar to the pig’s genes, suggesting that the swine flu or H1N1 influenza virus occur due to the touch to the pig. But, in the recent studies, it is revealed that if a person is infected with the swine flu and his sneeze or a cough would be the absolute medium for the further spread of the infection in a community. Additionally, a sneeze of the swine flu sufferer can cause thousands of germs to spread in the area through the air. So, start taking preventive measures, if you’re hearing the headline of the swine flu viral in your state.
However, the immunosuppressive people, young and old individuals are particularly at risk of getting affected from the swine flu earlier. Despite the fact that new and more effective medicines have been developed; the viral infections take their time to be completely dead. Like us, virus and bacteria also have the life, when these pathogens invade in any human being’s systems, the immune system combats with the microorganism and reduces the span of their lifetime.
Similarly, almost 10 days are estimated to completely destroy the swine flu virus and you would progress for recovery. So, for ruling out the swine flu and starting the treatment earlier, you should know the symptoms of the swine flu and its prevention. Hence, read all the below-listed symptoms carefully and if it is happening with you, then seek the medical attention right away.
When any pathogen is entered in your vital systems, the immune system activates and starts doing compensatory mechanisms. Fever is also the part of the compensatory mechanism in which body raises its temperature beyond the normal ranges to cope up with the situation. Due to this reason, fever also considered as the cardinal symptoms of every infection.
But the fever that occurs in the swine flu fluctuates. It might start out with the mild increment in the temperature, and later on it’ll rise quickly to a high degree. If the fever is over 38 degree Celsius or 100.4 degree Fahrenheit, then it is indicated that the serious illness has been started rather than a seasonal influenza. But at times, the fever will revolve around 98 or maybe 99 degree Fahrenheit which might look like a common fever to all of us!
Another key point is that you should observe either your temperature is causing the night sweats along with the bouts of the cold chills, if it so, then you should not waste your time anymore and get checked to a doctor immediately.
2. Persistent cough
When any foreign body is entered in your body through the respiratory tract, the receptors present in the lining of the tract initiate the cough reflex so that the foreign body can be out of the body easily, but when you’re coughing again and again, then it could be due to the battle of the immune system with any pathogen, affecting your respiratory system.
One of the initial symptoms of the swine flu is a stubborn and painful cough. Due to a constant cough, you would awake in the night and won’t continue sleeping. Don’t misjudge this cough with the seasonal influenza virus, because if you left untreated this, swine flu can easily be transformed into pneumonia, producing the thick, yellow, green or brown mucus in a cough.
Sometimes, you would also cough out with the bloody phlegm, which is not a good sign from your body. So, if your cough doesn’t go away by the time and you’re expectorating with bloody phlegm, and then report to the doctor as early as you can.
3. Sore throat
Continuously coughing and fever will favor sore throat. While suffering from a sore throat, you would feel stretchy, tender and painful throat. If a sore throat is aggravated with the nasal congestion and with the breathing through the mouth, then it could be due to the swine flu. However, the sore throat can also occur due to many other viruses, but the exacerbation of a sore throat associated with the swine flu is specific.
4. Swollen Glands
Your lymph nodes hold the lymphocyte, which helps in fighting with any pathogen, including bacteria, viruses, cancer or other toxins. When a pathogen is active in the body, the lymphocytes in the lymph nodes will try to maintain the homeostasis of the body. So, for accomplishing this task, the lymph nodes will be eventually swollen and cause pain.
When you touch the glands of the neck or the lymph nodes under the armpit, you’ll feel that there is an inflammation around them and they’ll quite tender. However, it is also the common symptoms during any infection, because your body is trying hard to fight with the foreign bodies.
5. Nasal congestion
As swine flu is the respiratory infection, it’ll cause the congestion in your nose and chest. Though, the nasal congestion occurs with sinusitis, cold or flu as well but if you’re experiencing other symptoms of the swine flu along with the stuffy nose then, the reason can be the H1N1 virus. On examination, your doctor will ask for the mucus sample of your nose or throat for further investigation of the disease.
6. Achy muscles
Myalgia (muscle pain) is extremely common in the viral infection. You would also feel other symptoms of the swine flu along with the deep, dull aching pain. This occurs due to the weakness and immobility because of your unstable condition. Afterward, if you don’t treat the constant pain, your joints of the arms, shoulders, neck, knees and feet can become stiff and limits the joint mobility. So, when your doctor asks you about the muscle related questions, don’t forget to mention the Myalgia or joint stiffness.
7. Cold Chills
As it is described above that the cold chills will occur with the fever, the cold chills will not only occur in H1N1 virus, in fact, you’ll also experience the bouts of the overheating too. Though, you’ll mislead the cold chills with seasonal influenza but what you need to do is to observe the variation in the fever, followed by the bouts of the cold chills. If it is severe in the night, then it would be the alarming sign for you.
8. Respiratory system issues
The complication of the swine flu is the respiratory system compromised, leading to pneumonia or even lungs collapse due to the increased proliferation of the virus. If you’ve any chronic disease like diabetes or asthma, what the H1N1 virus will do is that it’ll make your previous disease more and more bad, making you completely bed bound.
Shortness of breath, wheezing and chest pain are the prominent signs that your respiratory system is not working well and it needs to be fixed sooner. However, the previous history of the cardiac problems may also complicate the current condition.
9. Nausea and vomiting
Within 12 to 24 hours after the invasion of the H1N1 virus, you will experience nausea and vomiting suddenly. If you’re vomiting frequently due to the H1N1 virus, then you should stay hydrated to prevent the fluid depletion in your body. Sufficient amount of fluid will also prevent the further weakening of the immune system. Perhaps, you should drink water or any fruit juice to compensate the fluid loss of the body.
10. Unbearable abdominal Pain
This happens due to the frequent vomiting. When you lose sufficient water content from your body, your digestive system will stop working normally and cause abdominal pain. Continuous vomiting will over-contract your abdominal muscles, making them strained and tender. That’s why you won’t be able to digest the lightest food like tea or soup.
You’ll feel the severe generalized headache accompanied with other symptoms of the swine flu. When your body temperature rises to fight the virus, your blood vessels will dilate and the blood pressure increases inside your head, causing the severe pain in your head radiating down to the neck. Nevertheless, if you have a history of migraine then you’ll experience a more severe migraine attack while suffering from the swine flu.
To adapt the preventive measures are the best way to deal with the swine flu. If you want to keep you away from the H1N1 virus, then implement all the important measures of the following chart to stay virus-free.
And most importantly, start wearing the hospital masks for your own safety!